Surrounded by streams originating in the lush Monchique mountains and in the hilly Serra, Quinta da Rocha may be a relatively small and unassuming area of Algarvian land; however, this varied and privileged peninsula has great biodiversity, being inhabited by several species of endemic plants, dozens of moths, butterflies and darters, and close to three hundred different bird species throughout the year.


Location: Quinta da Rocha / Mexilhoeira Grande; Lagos and Portimão municipalities, Western Algarve | Coordinates: 37° 9′ 9.8964″N, -8° 36′ 46.9866″W (Lat/Long); 37.152749 N, -8.613052 W (decimal degrees) | Code: PT1 | Completion Time: up to 2-3 hours | Best Time for Birdwatching: Spring, Autumn and Winter; all seasons offer good birding opportunities; however, there’s a lower number of birds and bird species between July and August | Protection Status: Ria de Alvor Special Area of Conservation (Natura 2000); Ramsar Site | Activities: birding; nature walks; cycling, running & other outdoor activities; sightseeing; cultural travel; water sports; extreme sports;

[PLEASE CHECK QUINTA DA ROCHA’S BIRD SPECIALITIES AT THE BOTTOM OF THIS PAGE] Besides the typical estuarine habitats, along this area we also find a mixed lattice of traditional rainfed orchards – mainly composed of fig, orange, carob and almond trees – as well as areas of Mediterranean scrubland, riparian galleries, grass and farmland, and a few sparse stands of pine. Noteworthy resident passerines are the Waxbill, the Serin, the Sardinian Warbler and the Corn Bunting, which join a smaller population of Dartford Warblers. On the headland, the Iberian Azure-winged Magpie and the Hoopoe are undoubtedly the most showy non-passerine residents. Hoopoes are one of the first birds to initiate the breeding season, which sometimes occurs in late January; later, in April, this colourful duo is joined by two other flashy breeding species, the shy Golden Oriole and the garrulous Bee-eater. Tree-loving Orioles are quite hard to spot and the first sign of their presence is a flute-like whistling song. However, visiting birders should be aware that resident Spotless Starlings frequently mimic the song of the Golden Oriole.

In contrast, the breeding Melodious Warblers do not need to impersonate other birds to produce a truly exquisite song; this accomplished songster also arrives in April, a little later than the very similar-looking Iberian Chiffchaff, a species that becomes much more common at the peninsula during the autumnal migration. At this time of the year, birders may experience some difficulties distinguishing all the different warblers making their way to the African Sahel and Maghreb ecozones. Melodious Warblers are a bit larger, with a broad bill and homogeneous yellow underparts, while the Common Chiffchaff has duller colours when compared with the Iberian counterpart; easier to tell apart, the Western Bonelli’s Warbler displays a yellow rump and white underbody; male Spectacled Warblers boast a beautiful contrasting grey head/white throat – females are brownish in colour – with a distinctive white eye ring, an anatomical feature that distinguishes them from the Subalpine Warbler, a species with a characteristic red ocular ring. Among passage migrants, the most striking bird is the rare, crow-sized European Roller, a species more commonly associated with the Alentejo plains to the north. The Roller feeds on invertebrates and small vertebrates (including frogs, snakes, lizards and even small birds), sharing the same food preferences and preying behaviour of the resident Southern Grey Shrike and of the Woodchat Shrike, a summer visitor.
However, the Roller is not always found perched on branches or power lines – this stunning bird will also follow ploughs slicing farmland in order to prey on unearthed animals, much like the resident Cattle Egrets. All egrets are easily spotted (even local rarities like the Western Reef-egret), contrary to the cryptic Stone-curlew, which tends to take cover on grassland present at the peninsula. In winter, this mysterious bird sometimes forms large flocks of tens of individuals, but the number of observations does not necessarily improve because of this behaviour. On occasion, it is also possible to see the illusive Spotted Crake and the beautiful Red-rumped Swallow at Quinta da Rocha. Noteworthy breeding species present at the peninsula between March and September include the Greater Short-toed Lark – more common in sandy, stony and grassy areas – and that outstanding aerobatics master, the Alpine Swift. This large swift spends much of its life on the wing. The species clearly benefits from the largely chemical-free, low-intensity agricultural traditions of the Algarve, in that a healthy population of flying invertebrates is maintained. Black-winged Kites and Richard’s Pipits are occasional visitors to the area. In addition to the aforementioned Western Reef-egret, local rarities include the Yellow-browed Warbler, the Rustic Bunting and the Sociable Lapwing.


On the Quinta da Rocha peninsula there is an international NGO – ‘Associação A Rocha’ – that engages in scientific research and environmental education with a focus on the rich fauna and flora of the surrounding area. Please check the map above to get directions. They also organize bird watching tours, in addition to many other environmentally-based activities, which include the operation of a ringing station. Those interested in observing ringing can visit the place on Thursdays, their open day, or contact them to book a visit (please check details at  A cheaper but slower alternative to driving all the way to Quinta da Rocha is to reach it by train from the adjacent Mexilhoeira Grande train station. Verify train times and tickets at From Faro – and since it is a slower regional service – it takes about 1.5 hours to Mexilhoeira Grande. Also, check the tides here (in Portuguese: search for the nearest port on the interactive map; ‘baixa-mar’ means ‘low tide’, ‘preia-mar’ means ‘high tide’) in order to better observe shorebirds at low tide when feeding on the mudflats. Arrive early in the morning to take advantage of the best lighting conditions and bird activity. Between February and August, please stay on the main tracks at all times in order to avoid disturbance on nesting birds. See also the Alvor Boardwalk & Estuary Trail page to obtain further advice.

Lagos-MarshPaul de Lagos: a small but very interesting wetland area that deserves far more interest than it gets today. Located just a couple of miles northeast of Lagos, this estuarine spot is continuously fed by pure freshwater springs and by the seasonal flow of the Bensafrim stream; together with the tidal flooding, such hydrological regime makes all the difference in the local context, because fresh and brackish water wetlands are scarce ecosystems in coastal Western Algarve. Its dense reed beds and small cork oak stands attract a number of distinct birds. Notable examples are the Penduline Tit, Red-necked Nightjar, Little Bittern, Great Reed and Melodious Warblers, Golden Oriole, Water Pipit, Booted and Short-toed Snake Eagles, in addition to a large variety of other non-passerine and passerine species, mammals, reptiles, amphibians and insects (among them, the spectacular Monarch and Plain Tiger* butterflies). Rarities occurring in the recent past comprise White-winged Tern, Great White Egret, Lesser Yellowlegs, Wilson’s Phalarope and Pectoral Sandpiper. The origins of the present marsh go back to the 15th century, when a series of waterways and small dams was built in order to develop local farmland and to desalinate the flat terrain. Those valuable structures are still in place today, but accessibility to the site should be improved; its biological potential is unquestionably high, and it is also within reach if only some appropriate measures were taken. Currently, the area is only legally covered by a National Agricultural Reserve (REN) status, making it a target for private land development. The best times to visit Paul de Lagos are the Autumn and Winter.

* Also known as African Monarch, the presence of the Danaus chrysippus species requires further confirmation.




Anthus richardi Anthus richardi
Richard’s Pipit
Apus pallidus Algarve Apus pallidus
Pallid Swift
Ardea purpurea Purple Heron Algarve Ardea purpurea
Purple Heron
Burhinus oedicnemus Stone-curlew Algarve Burhinus oedicnemus
Cecropis-daurica-Red-rumped-Swallow-AlgarveCecropis daurica
Red-rumped Swallow
Charadrius alexandrinus Kentish Plover Algarve Charadrius alexandrinus
Kentish Plover
Chlidonias hybridus Whiskered Tern AlgarveChlidonias hybridus
Whiskered Tern
Apr. & Sep.
Ciconia ciconia Algarve Ciconia ciconia
White Stork
Cisticola juncidis Algarve Cisticola juncidis
Zitting Cisticola
Coracias garrulus Roller Algarve Coracias garrulus
Cyanopica cooki Iberian Azure-winged Magpie Algarve Cyanopica cooki
Iberian Azure-winged Magpie
Elanus caeruleus Black-winged Kite Algarve Elanus caeruleus
Black-winged Kite
Estrilda astrild Waxbill Algarve Estrilda astrild
Galerida cristata Crested Lark Algarve Galerida cristata
Crested Lark
Gelochelidon nilotica Gull-billed Tern AlgarveGelochelidon nilotica
Gull-billed Tern
Haematopus ostralegus Oystercatcher Algarve Haematopus ostralegus
Himantopus himantopus Black-winged Stilt Algarve Himantopus himantopus
Black-winged Stilt
Melodious Warbler Hippolais polyglotta AlgarveHippolais polyglotta
Melodious Warbler
Southern Grey Shrike Lanius meridionalis AlgarveLanius meridionalis
Southern Grey Shrike
Woodchat Shrike Lanius senator AlgarveLanius senator
Woodchat Shrike
Larus audouinii Algarve Larus audouinii
Audouin’s Gull
Luscinia svecica Bluethroat Algarve Luscinia svecica
Merops apiaster Bee-eater Algarve Merops apiaster
Milvus migrans Black Kite Algarve Milvus migrans
Black Kite
Otus scops Scops Owl Algarve Otus scops
Scops Owl
Pandion haliaetus Algarve Pandion haliaetus
. Passer hispaniolensis Algarve Passer hispaniolensis
Spanish Sparrow
Phoenicopterus roseus Greater Flamingo Algarve Phoenicopterus roseus
Greater Flamingo
Iberian Chiffchaff Phylloscopus ibericus AlgarvePhylloscopus ibericus
Iberian Chiffchaff
Feb. & Sep.
Porzana porzana Spotted Crake AlgarvePorzana porzana
Spotted Crake
Ptyonoprogne rupestris AlgarvePtyonoprogne rupestris
Crag Martin
Recurvirostra avosetta Pied Avocet Algarve Recurvirostra avosetta
Sturnus unicolor Algarve Sturnus unicolor
Spotless Starling
Subalpine Warbler Sylvia cantillans AlgarveSylvia cantillans
Subalpine Warbler
Spectacled Warbler Sylvia conspicillata AlgarveSylvia conspicillata
Spectacled Warbler
Mar. & Nov.
Sylvia melanocephala Algarve Sylvia melanocephala
Sardinian Warbler
Sylvia undata Algarve Sylvia undata
Dartford Warbler
Tachymarptis melba Algarve Tachymarptis melba
Alpine Swift
Tringa glareola Wood Sandpiper Algarve Tringa glareola
Wood Sandpiper
Upupa epops Algarve Upupa epops