During the Antiquity and the earlier part of the Middle Ages, the hill where the Castle now stands was located precisely at the mouth of River Guadiana. Across the centuries, the strong siltation at the mouth of the Guadiana moved the actual river outlet further south, forming the present-day salt marsh. However, such long gone strategic setting has attracted wave upon wave of different settlers to Castro Marim throughout the ages, including Celtiberians, Phoenicians, Romans, Vandals and Moors.
Nowadays, it is possible to climb the walls and visit the ancient parapet. From there, you can enjoy a grand, all-encompassing panoramic view over the surrounding landscape. To the East, the distant horizon is dominated by the river and the Spanish city of Ayamonte. Close by, you’ll see the Nature Reserve marshland and the salt pans where the famed ‘flor de sal‘ (Castro Marim salt flower) is laboriously handcrafted. Within the defensive perimeter there is also a small Archaeological Museum (please, check the Castro Marim Map below), furnished with a plethora of artifacts documenting the rich and varied human presence in the region from the Bronze Age onwards. The premises are open from 9h00m to 19h00m (April-October) and from 9h00m to 17h00m (November-March). A small admission fee lets you visit both the dilapidated Castle and the inner Museum.
Unfortunately, budget restrictions are taking its toll, and the general ambience conveys a certain abandonment. That all changes in August, when a ‘Medieval Days’ festival is held within the old fortification – you can check the annual dates here (in Portuguese). This event takes place during the last weekend of August; it includes an array of gastronomic stalls where local products are on display, musical entertainment, traditional fencing and a medieval-style feast. A parade is held on the first day, first from the village to the castle, and on the final days, from the castle to the village proper. Noteworthy are also the Fort of Saint Sebastian (pictured above, at night) whose construction commenced in 1641 during the last Spanish-Portuguese war (the Portuguese Restoration War, one of many, many wars, squirmishes & drubbings between the two neighbours), a wealth of churches and chapels, and the old vernacular architecture of the village. Image: Alegna13